The Nehru Memorial Museum and Library (NMML) Archives is one of the largest repositories of primary and non-governmental source material for research on modern Indian history and contemporary studies. The NMML Archives was initially formed with the acquisition of two collections viz. Jawaharlal Nehru papers and the All-India Congress Committee papers. In due course of time, a reservoir of over 1200 collections of personal papers of eminent leaders, freedom fighters, politicians, educationists, scientists, jurists and industrialists who contributed to the making of modern India and institutional records were acquired from different parts of India and abroad. Some of the individual records include papers of eminent personalities like M. K. Gandhi, C. Rajagopalachari, Syama Prasad Mookerjee, B.S. Moonje,V. K. Krishna Menon, Jayaprakash Narayan, Charan Singh, Sarojini Naidu and Rajkumari Amrit Kaur. In the list of institutional records, one can find papers of the All India Congress Committee; All India Hindu Mahasabha; All India Trade Union Congress; Indian Merchants'; Chamber, D.A.V. College Trust and Management Society,etc. The records in the Archives comprise original letters, writings, speeches, notes, memoirs and diaries besides handwritten documents, typed documents, press clippings and printed material.
The Archival holdings also include more than 900 transcripts of the Oral History interviews relating to the social and political development of modern India with special reference to our freedom struggle. Some of the important transcripts are of Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, T. T. Krishnamachari, J. B. Kripalani, Kamaladevi Chattopadhyaya, K. N. Katju, H. V. Kamath, I. K.Gujral and Jyoti Basu.
With the coming of Digital India and to ensure the preservation of this wealth of knowledge, the NMML is currently digitizing the archival documents. The primary objectives of digitization are: preservation of rare documents, to improve accessibility to in-house personnel, library members and scholars, to enhance searchability and to make the information available digitally. In continuation with the Digital India Initiative, the NMML Archives has also started collecting papers in soft copy. Some of the collections acquired in soft copy are INA papers, Meerut Conspiracy Case papers, Morarji Desai papers and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel papers. All Archival collections are made available to bonafide scholars from India and abroad in the Reading Room of the Manuscripts Section. As per rules, copies of papers are provided digitally and in xerox form to the researchers in the Reading Room.